Melatonin Modulates the Antioxidant Defenses and the Expression of Proinflammatory Mediators in Pancreatic Stellate Cells Subjected to HypoxiaM. Estaras · M. R. González-Portillo · R. Martínez · A. García · M. Estévez · M. Fernández-Bermejo · J. M. Mateos · D. Vara · G. Blanco-Fernández · D. Lopez-Guerra · V. Roncero · G. M. Salido · A. GonzálezAntioxidants, 10(4), 577, 2021
AbstractPancreatic stellate cells (PSC) play a major role in the formation of fibrotic tissue in pancreatic tumors. On its side, melatonin is a putative therapeutic agent for pancreatic cancer and inflammation. In this work, the actions of melatonin on PSC subjected to hypoxia were evaluated. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation reduced (GSH) and oxidized (GSSG) levels of glutathione, and protein and lipid oxidation were analyzed. The phosphorylation of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor (Nrf2), nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-kB), and the regulatory protein nuclear factor of kappa light polypeptide gene enhancer in B-cells inhibitor-alpha (IκBα) was studied. The expression of Nrf2-regulated antioxidant enzymes, superoxide dismutase (SOD) enzymes, cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were also studied. Total antioxidant capacity (TAC) was assayed. Finally, cell viability was studied. Under hypoxia and in the presence of melatonin generation of ROS was observed. No increases in the oxidation of proteins or lipids were detected. The phosphorylation of Nrf2 and the expression of the antioxidant enzymes catalytic subunit of glutamate-cysteine ligase, catalase, NAD(P)H-quinone oxidoreductase 1, heme oxygenase-1, SOD1, and of SOD2 were augmented. The TAC was increased. Protein kinase C was involved in the effects of melatonin. Melatonin decreased the GSH/GSSG ratio at the highest concentration tested. Cell viability dropped in the presence of melatonin. Finally, melatonin diminished the phosphorylation of NF-kB and the expression of COX-2, IL-6, and TNF-α. Our results indicate that melatonin, at pharmacological concentrations, modulates the red-ox state, viability, and the expression of proinflammatory mediators in PSC subjected to hypoxia.
Changes in Humoral Immune Response after SARS‐CoV‐2 Infection in Liver Transplant Recipients Compared to Immunocompetent PatientsA. Caballero‐Marcos · M. Salcedo · R. Alonso‐Fernández · M. Rodríguez‐Perálvarez · M. Olmedo · J. Graus Morales · V. Cuervas‐Mons · A. Cachero · C. Loinaz‐Segurola · M. Iñarrairaegui · Ll. Castells · S. Pascual · C. Vinaixa‐Aunés · R. González‐Grande · A. Otero · S. Tomé · J. Tejedor‐Tejada · J. M. Álamo‐Martínez · L. González‐Diéguez · F. Nogueras‐Lopez · G. Blanco‐Fernández · G. Muñoz‐Bartolo · F. J. Bustamante · E. Fábrega · M. Romero‐Cristóbal · R. Martin‐Mateos · J. Del Rio‐Izquierdo · A. Arias‐Milla · L. Calatayud · A. A. Marcacuzco‐Quinto · V. Fernández‐Alonso · C. Gómez‐Gavara · J. Colmenero · P. Muñoz · J. A. Pons · The Spanish Society of Liver Transplantation (SETH)American Journal of Transplantation, 2021
Prospective Study Correlating External Biliary Stenting and Pancreatic Fistula Following PancreaticoduodenectomyG. Blanco-Fernández · I. Jaén-Torrejimeno · N. De-Armas-Conde · A. Rojas-Holguín · J. Santos Naharro · J. M. Castillo-Tuñón · D. López-GuerraJournal of Gastrointestinal Surgery, 2021